ASH

ASH (Asch; Heb. א״ש), abbreviation of various Hebrew words and transcriptions, later used as a name in its own right in Central and Eastern Europe. (1) Ash was the traditional Hebrew abbreviation of the city name eisenstadt . Meir b. Isaac eisenstadt is also known as "Maharam Ash"; "Ash" appears on a number of old Eisenstadt tombstones. meir eisenstadter (Asch) made a pun from the Hebrew meaning of the word (אש, "fire") in the title of his work Imrei Esh (1852) and so did Abraham b. Joseph ash . (2) "Ash" is also used as an abbreviation for Alt-schul, the "old school" (synagogue) quarter of Prague, by Moses b. Ḥanokh Altschul in the late 15th century; it was later found on tombstones of 1582 to 1727 in the old cemetery of Prague. (3) The Ash family of rabbis (descended from Moses b. Joseph of Mezhirech in Poland, who moved to Stargard in Pomerania), believing that their name literally signified "ash" (Asche in German), "retranslated" it into Hebrew as Efer (Mishpaḥat Efer), "ash" in Hebrew. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Flesch, in: Juedische Familien-Forschung, 2, no. 4 (1926), 188; A. Berliner, Zur Familiengeschichte Asch (1913), 15; S. Hock, Die Familien Prags (1892), 16–19; B. Wachstein, Die Grabinschriften des alten Judenfriedhofs in Eisenstadt (1922), 660.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Ash — bezeichnet: Ash (Band), irische Band Ash ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Mitchell Ash (* 1946), US amerikanischer Historiker Paul Ash (1891–1958), US amerikanischer Violinist, Pianist, Komponist und Bigband Leader Timothy Garton Ash (*… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Ash — Ash, n., sing. of {Ashes}. [1913 Webster] Note: Ash is rarely used in the singular except in connection with chemical or geological products; as, soda ash, coal which yields a red ash, etc., or as a qualifying or combining word; as, ash bin, ash… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ash — ([a^]sh), n. [OE. asch, esh, AS. [ae]sc; akin to OHG. asc, Sw. & Dan. ask, Icel. askr, D. esch, G. esche.] 1. (Bot.) A genus of trees of the Olive family, having opposite pinnate leaves, many of the species furnishing valuable timber, as the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • ASH — bezeichnet: Ash (Band), irische Band Timothy Garton Ash (* 1955), britischer Historiker und Schriftsteller Vic Ash (* 1930), britischer Jazz Klarinettist und Saxophonist Ash Springs, Nevada, USA Die Abkürzung ASH bezeichnet: Abfallwirtschafts und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • ASH — ASH, family which during the 18th and 19th centuries produced a number of distinguished rabbis, both in Poland and in Germany. These included: (1) ABRAHAM ASH (18th century), rabbi and author who was born in Posen and became rabbi at Celle. He… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ash — ash1 [ash] n. [ME asshe (usually in pl.) < OE æsce < IE base * as , to burn > L arere, to be dry, burn, Goth azgo, ON aska, ash] 1. the white or grayish powder remaining after something has been thoroughly burned 2. fine volcanic dust 3 …   English World dictionary

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